Theodore Bathurst

Theodore Bathurst

c. 1587
Hothorpe, Northamptonshire, England

Orton, England

Resting place
Orton Waterville. Huntingdonshire. England

Latin poet and Church of England clergyman

Latin and English





Alma mater
Pembroke College, University of Oxford

Early modern

pastoral poetry

Notable works
Calendarium Pastorale

Theodore Bathurst (c. 1587–1652), also known as Theophilus Bathurstwas an English poet and translator who wrote in the Latin language. His most notable work is Calendarium Pastorale (English: The Pastoral Calendar).


1 Life
2 Works
3 References
4 External links

Bathurst was descended from an ancient family of Hothorpe in Northamptonshire, and a relative of Dr Ralph Bathurst, the famous English physician, scholar, and divine. He entered Trinity College, Cambridge in 1602, but graduated BA in 1606 from Pembroke College, the college to which Edmund Spenser belonged.[1]
Bathurst led a private life, and was a man of little ambition. So much the more, says one of his editors[who?], he deserved honour as he desired it less. [1]
While at Pembroke, he executed his translation of Spenser’s ‘Shepherd’s Calendar’. He wrote the first two ecologues at Pembroke, which were dedicated to Thomas Neville, master of Trinity College, Cambridge. This translation had the honour of being highly commended by Sir Richard Fanshawe, who has himself left us specimens of Latin translations of English verse.[1]
Bathurst’s translation was edited first by Dr. William Dillingham, of Emmanuel College, and dedicated to Francis Lane. It was republished by John Ball, who, in his address to the reader, says he had much and long labour in procuring a copy of Bathurst’s work. It was then already rare among the booksellers.[1]
Ball’s edition is accompanied by the original eclogues on the opposite pages. He speaks of Bathurst, in the address above mentioned, as

‘poeta non minus ornatus quam gravis idem postea theologus, qui has eclogas ita Latinè vertit ut obscuris lucem, asperis lævitatem, atque omnibus fere nitorem et elegantiam fœneraverit. [1]

He added a Latin dissertation, De vita Spenseri et scriptis (English: The Life and Writings of Spenser; Lond. 8vo, no date and 1732). The precise title of Bathurst’s book is:

Calendarium Pastorale sive Eclogæ duodecim totidem anni mensibus accommo